At first glance, it may seem that all lawns and gardens benefit the environment. But some landscape features and practices come with negative environmental consequences.
Sustainable landscaping refers to landscape design and practices that work with nature, protect surface waters, and minimize negative impacts to the environment. Sustainable landscapes strive to:
Infiltrate rain water on site, rather than sending it to the storm drain
Reduce use of water, fertilizer, pesticides, and fuel
Use hardy plants adapted to the climate
Native landscaping takes the concept of sustainable landscaping one step further. It uses predominantly plants that are native to the region. Benefits of native landscaping include all those for sustainable landscapes, and in addition:
Is self-perpetuating (seeds fall, germinate, and seedlings are allowed to mature)